Ph.D. Thesis

Topic Selection

Nothing could be worse than knowing you could have chosen the wrong subject of your Ph.D. thesis, particularly after weeks of preparation and meetings with your supervisor.

A bad topic may result in the following difficulties

  • Not Enough Literature
  • Feeling De-Motivated
  • The complexities in data gathering and analysis
  • Rejection by Evaluator

In the short success of the whole Thesis depends upon the topic.

Aims and Objectives of the Thesis

Formulation of the aims and objectives of your Ph.D. thesis, thesis or some other form of research work in an appropriate manner is the most critical thing as it decides the following key aspects of the research work, namely:

The breadth of the study

The depth of the study

The overall course of the research Choosing the subject too narrowly or choosing impractical goals and objectives might bring your Ph.D. thesis at a halt.

Joint Step allows you to develop practical and concrete goals related to your research area and finally lets you gain approval for your paper, synopsis, or study work.


The entire Ph.D. thesis revolves around the research Hypothesis, so making a mistake here could destroy the whole research process. Needless to mention, it can all be very daunting, and many students find this the toughest stage of their thesis study.

A good Hypothesis has the following three main features:

  • It clearly identifies the question being studied in Thesis.
  • It is an educated, testable prediction about the results.
  • It is written in clear and simple language.

By following the steps of the experimental method, Joint Step provides you with a compelling theory by identifying a research field and possible research issues and developing a testable hypothesis. We make sure we ask the right questions and phrase the claims of the hypothesis correctly.

Literature Review

The Literature Review occurs often at the beginning of your Ph.D. thesis (after the Introduction chapter) and is an important part of your overall Ph.D. structure. This is a description of the latest writings in the area you are studying and in which your doctorate would ideally match. Instead of merely mentioning various writers in the field and their perspectives, the Literature Review will provide a better picture of the entire field as it stands at the moment, identify different literature bodies, have specific viewpoints on key issues and show that general attitudes have recently changed or are currently being questioned. It must include a description of each work and not simply a list of the books and articles you enjoy.

Major problems faced by students while designing literature are:

  • There’s a lack of time to read and review every word on your subject. (but in the Literature Review you have aim to demonstrate wide reading).
  • Structuring the Literature Review properly.
  • Difficulty locating authoritative works written by experts.
  • References and citations for each work.
  • Creating a conceptual framework.

Joint Step helps you in writing Literature Review in the following manner:

We will identify a subject and audience specifically and will locate the most important article by reviewing and re-examining the literature.

  • We will define the sort of review you want to write and will concentrate the review to make it of broad interest.
  • We will make the analysis Relevant and Coherent by establishing a Conceptual Framework.
  • New and Older research will be included in the study.

Besides that, we ensure that our network of research scholars makes use of feedback. We always make use of any work you have published in the related area.

Research Methodology

The framework of every scientific research is architecture. The work is given guidance and systematized. The approach you select will impact the tests and how the conclusions are interpreted.

We allow you to develop your analysis methodology segment by sorting out answers to two fundamental questions:

  • How was the data collected?
  • Then, how did you evaluate it?

Joint Step lets you develop the processes and instruments that are used to perform your work. To this end, we first examine your study problem, theory, etc., and the options available, and then recommend a fitting approach for your thesis. Selection reasoning is also discussed in the chapter on analysis methodology. This chapter will address research methodology, research policy, research technique, research intent, etc. along with data collection processes, sampling policy, data analysis program, etc. In addition, this chapter will also address the study’s ethical issues.

Specifically, the Joint Step helps you in explaining the following aspects of your research methodology:


The analysis process will be clarified and the onion model will be used to clarify the research process as appropriate.


The study architecture will be clarified i.e. whether it is exploratory, or explanatory concise.


Philosophy of science should be clarified i.e. whether it is positivism, perception, or realism.


Analysis method should be clarified i.e. whether methods are inductive and deductive.


It should clarify sampling methods, i.e. whether it is basic random sampling, systematic sampling, stratified sampling, etc. Often describing sample size and sample process.


There are also legal issues when discussing work with individual subjects. Joint Step develops the section on ethical problems by explaining the various ethical concerns that are taken into consideration during the course of the study.


The study of data will be clarified in which it will be addressed which form of statistical methods should be used such as SPSS (for measures such as Regression Analysis, ANOVA, Chi-Square Measures, Z-Tests, Correlation, MANOVA, T-Tests, etc.), AMOS, MS Excel, etc.


Given the best efforts to reduce all limitations some could crawl in the course of the study, this will be addressed properly in the section Study Limitation.


Research technique will be clarified i.e. whether it is experimental, study, case studies, evaluation, rooted theory or ethnography, etc .. Data collection will be clarified i.e. whether secondary and main data collection approaches are used In comparison, primary data collection approaches used will be explained i.e. whether it is evaluation analysis, quantitative research or qualitative research.

Data Analysis

Data analysis, also known as data processing or data analysis, is a section that analyzes and translates data obtained by the researcher into concrete meanings indicating the outcome of the study and promoting the accomplishment of the study work’s objectives. It is essential that you use methods that are appropriate for both the form of data obtained and the purposes of your analysis.

At Joint Step, we help you to analyze both types of data, i.e. Primary (Quantitative or Qualitative) and Secondary.

We perform comprehensive statistical analysis for quantitative results, which is characteristic of science and technical study, and to some degree sociological and other disciplines, as is needed in most cases.

Qualitative data is usually non-numeric, but not always. That doesn’t mean it requires less intellectual acuity, though. Joint Step conducts a detailed analysis of the data obtained using different techniques, such as thematic coding or discourse analysis, etc.

Intelligible interpretation of vast quantities of data can be complicated. Joint Step supports you by exploring all potential ways of addressing what you have learned to tackle this issue. Maps, maps, graphs, quotations, table, and formulae are used in some cases according to the particular advantages


If you are feeling anxious about the discussion section rest assured you are not alone. It’s an issue that comes up time and time again with our clients. There’s no one answer that can help everyone because every Thesis is original

Joint Step helps in making your discussion in the following manner:

  • Explain the answers to these questions in the introduction
  • Explain how the responses are informed by the main and secondary study results
  • Address how the responses work in comparison to the scientific literature review.


The conclusion is one of the Thesis work’s most critical elements. Evaluators and guides or review committee may want to save their time and get a quick summary of your study by looking at the conclusion only briefly. Therefore, you’re going to want to make sure the argument completely stops, and not simply go out on a tangent to explore something that’s irrelevant to the Thesis. You ought to draw up core elements of the literature you reviewed and the primary thesis you performed along with your conclusions and explain how your work explains or undermines them.

Joint Step helps you in this regard in the following manner:

  • Create a description of the key sections of the study
  • Make a conclusion based on the main body
  • Create a personal view about what has been discussed
  • Create a suggestion on the drawbacks of the work
  • Create a prediction on the future based on what has been discussed
  • Create consequences of the work for potential studies.


Referencing helps you to consider the contribution that other authors and scholars have made to your work. All university doctoral thesis focused on the thoughts, words, or work of other authors shall contain citations as per UGC guidelines. However, the references are expected to be specified according to the format the university requires. In general, students are familiar with the referencing form and this leads to accurate referencing and dismissal of the completed thesis. Generally thesis on various topics, such as law thesis, management thesis must be quoted and referenced in specific referencing forms, because Joint Step accurately references sources used in the study and generates referencing in the right forms.

Our specialists are well versed in all types of comparison, such as:

  • MLA
  • APA
  • Oxford
  • Harvard
  • Chicago
  • IEEE

And so on…


Plagiarism check

It is critical that Ph.D. researchers credit and recognize other people’s research, data, and ideas properly. Plagiarism is given in India as theft, malpractice and fraud and academics whose work can be seen to involve plagiarism are not only subject to fines as outlined by the UGC, but also face severe legal penalties which can totally destroy their career and academic lives. As per the latest regulation by UGC any scholar whose Thesis is found to have plagiarism level of more than 10% will be penalized by the UGC. Moreover, the guide of the said student will also be removed from the service. See LINK for complete news. Joint Step provides completely non-plagiarized material along with evidence of plagiarism. In addition, the Joint Stage rewrites your thesis to eliminate plagiarism from your research work by subject experts.

Formatting of Thesis

Unless the study was structured according to the university standards such as characterizations page count, referencing style, line spacing, etc., a scholar did not meet the criteria leading to a Ph.D. degree. Sometimes scholar realizes after completing the whole Thesis that the research work is not as per the format given by the university and risks convocation deadlines or be required to register for an additional term if the Thesis needs substantial revisions in order to meet the university guidelines. This is a single most important aspect of any Thesis that the same style (as given by the university) must be followed throughout.

Joint Step produces a high-quality final copy of your academic work by reading and correcting your paper, doing spell checks, making footnotes and endnotes, page counts, text, and index tables. We check your study carefully to ensure if it meets the criteria as set out in the university manual. Afterward, we change the text accordingly.

Journal Publication

Joint Step publishes your research in prestigious national and international journals (with more than 3.0 Impact Factor) such as Springer, Elsevier, IEEE, Scopus Indexed, Cambridge University Press, etc., and other UGC Approved Journals. We also have a hard copy and electronic distribution with ISSN number, ISBN number, publishing certificate.

Any applicant pursuing a Ph.D. course at any UGC approved university in India must publish two research papers, one in International Journal and one paper in the National Journal, according to UGC norms. The papers do need to be certified by UGC. The University Grants Commission (UGC) has come out with a comprehensive list of about 38,000 journals that will be recognized for granting points — under the Academic Performance Indicators (API) system — to college and university faculty members who get their papers published in them. The papers cover a wide variety of fields including architecture, agriculture, medicine, humanities, social sciences, climate, industry, and ecology. From now on papers published alone in these publications would be eligible for the awarding of API ratings. The collection is nevertheless fluid and not static. It can be applied to more publications if universities supply us with some names left out of good publications, “a senior UGC official told  The Hindu.

The API program rewards points for publications — credited for advancement and even when applying for teaching positions — that are seen as a result of an academic being consistently engaged in science. An individual gets 30 points to publish a book published by a foreign publisher, 20 points to publish a book published by a national publisher, 15 points to publish an article in a refereed journal and 10 points to publish an article in other reputed journals. In view of concerns that scholars were publishing in sub-standard, and often paying for, journals, the UGC had agreed to compile the list.. Nonetheless, it can only later be clear whether or not any of the mentioned papers are professional publications since many in scholarly circles peruse the lists of their fields. The committee collaborated with consultants and also received recommendations from universities and colleges to assemble the document. The List of Journals accepted by the UGC comprises journals protected by I the Web of Science; (ii) the Scopus; (iii) the Indian Citation Index (ICI); (iv) Journals recommended by the Standing Committee on Journal and Language Notification; and (v) Journal recommended by Universities

To scholars around the world, publishing years of work as a document in reputed journals have always been a must-do. It is well recognized that scholarly publication is a method of rigor. The publication process can be a challenging job for many scholars, especially first-timers. Failure to adhere to journal standards and to post protocols leads to outright rejections. Hence scholarly publishing’s blunt fact is that there are more rejections of submissions than acceptances, let alone positive publications.

Top Most Reasons for paper Rejection

  • The paper is outside the scope of the journal
  • The paper is incomplete; it lacks rudiments such as the title, authors, affiliations, keywords, main text, references, and all tables and figures
  • Language and grammar are not up to the mark for the peer review process
  • The figures are not complete or are not clear enough to read
  • References are incomplete or very old
  • Plagiarism has been detected in the paper

Joint Step works with you to determine the most suitable journals, assist in paper editing before submission, and provide post submission support wherever necessary.

Formatting of Research Paper

If the paper is published according to the standards set by the Institution, UGC, or Publisher, a scholar did not complete the criteria leading to a Research Publication. Perhaps, after finishing the whole document, the scholar discovers that the thesis work is not in compliance with the prescribed format and runs the risk of releasing delays or being forced to apply for an extended duration if the document requires significant changes to fulfill the requirements. This is the most critical feature of any paper which has to adopt the same theme throughout.

Joint Step produces a high-quality copy of your study work by reading and correcting the article, doing spell checks, making footnotes and endnotes, page numbers and table of contents and indexes where appropriate, and carefully reviewing reviewers’ input and style as per the desired objectives. We test your research carefully to ensure if it fits the criteria as set out in the manual. Afterward, we change the text accordingly.

Joint Step also offers you the following services, if necessary:

Quick Review

Scientific feedback aimed to increase the technical content of The article. Using before sending yourself to any peer-reviewed Journal.

Journal Selection

Details from three to five publications where YOUR paper could be a good match. Your manuscript was chosen based on variety and technical consistency.

Formatting services

Publication based on reading The text and organizing it. We ensure the Journal Recommendations are followed.

Book Writing Management Services

“Your book is not merely a piece of writing but a platform of your success”

How would you avoid outsourcing one single human to your dreams?

Hiring a book writer raises other obstacles such as lack of experience, contact time, the book writer’s personal ego, and the possibility of secrecy, etc. All these factors will result in the book is incomplete.

At Joint Step, we have transformed book writing by moving the emphasis from book writing to book management: where we as an organization and our management experts influence or form several steps in your work’s study, review, publishing, and release, offering you a veneer of individuality and reputation. Independence remains, as you form the book’s final message. There is trust when you put an order with a private limited corporation whose success and survival rely on their customers’ quality of service..   Another significant benefit is that we use our experience to make your book a selling tool, which translates into more sales and profits for you.


Our team of book writers is split into 4 main teams

Your book should be written by a team of authors rather than by a single author. The team will be headed by a key member in the organization and the message will be transferred to the writing department by this key person. The main person is also going to be part of the writing team. There will be no overt contact between the creative department and the company and secrecy will be assured. In fact, as the team is supervised, the job should be carried out efficiently and in a timely manner.


This will be the community of authors doing the writing job. Both correspondence and input from the production department should be passed on to the writing staff. In fact, a central boss would be a member of the writing team.


This team will review the work done. The team will be selected based on their background, age group which aligns with the contents of the book.


This unit will edit the paper and then show it.

Our contribution to your book also includes the following aspects:

We identify the target market for you

The target audience consists of the people you hope would cater to in your novel. These are the people who would greatly benefit from your book.

We will Define Your Demographics

It’s important to know demographics when planning your book release, as it helps establish your character in the plot. Demographics are observational statistics about the population and different classes within the population. Identifying your audiences and future followers will help you dig deeper down into growing followers you actually want to attract. When you’re writing a book about teenagers, your audience would be a lot different from if you’re writing a novel about ads and sales.

Expand your knowledge about the matter of your book continuously. Buy, read, and find out what you can about other authors, books, or posts that deal with the same subject matter.

We will Make Your Book Stand Out

To make your book stand out, first, we must add material that differentiates your book from other books of the same genre. This all makes the book exclusive to others.

We will gather information for your book

Before you start writing we will prepare your novel, do your research and homework. We will write multiple books a year because we prepare in the step before we start writing.